How much is DNA test in Nigeria? A must read for all

In today’s rapidly evolving scientific landscape, DNA tests have ascended to become a pivotal tool in unraveling the intricacies of human genetics and biology.

DNA is an acronym for Deoxyribonucleic Acid. It’s the molecule that carries the genetic instructions for the development, functioning, growth, and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

A simple swab or a drop of blood can now uncover a myriad of information, offering insights into one’s lineage, potential health risks, and much more. Indeed, in many parts of the world, including Nigeria, the utilization of DNA tests has seen a significant surge.


The surge in demand for DNA tests in Nigeria is not without reason. With societal and technological advancements, many Nigerians are now tapping into the numerous possibilities that these tests provide. Establishing paternity is one of the foremost reasons for this demand, given the legal and emotional implications involved.

Moreover, as health becomes a central concern, many are turning to DNA tests to screen for potential genetic ailments or conditions they might be predisposed to.

On a lighter note, the allure of tracing one’s ancestry and understanding ethnic backgrounds is another enticing factor driving people to these tests.

Overview of DNA Tests


A DNA test is an analysis of specific regions in a person’s DNA to provide insights into various aspects of their life, heritage, and health. But why has it taken such a central role in contemporary society?


Firstly, DNA tests have become synonymous with the quest for truth. Whether it’s a mother seeking to confirm the maternity of her child or an individual trying to understand their susceptibility to a particular disease, DNA tests offer concrete answers. They provide a scientific foundation to claims and concerns, eliminating doubts and ambiguity.

Moreover, the realm of DNA testing isn’t limited to just one type. Different types serve various purposes, further expanding their utility. Paternity and maternity tests, for instance, primarily serve to confirm biological relationships between parents and children.

Ancestry tests dive deep into one’s lineage, mapping out ethnic roots and sometimes even connecting distant relatives. Health-related DNA tests evaluate one’s genetic makeup to highlight potential health risks, aiding in preventive healthcare.

How much is DNA test in Nigeria
Image by Mohamed Hassan from Pixabay

Factors Affecting the Cost of DNA Testing in Nigeria

The allure and significance of DNA tests have led to a burgeoning industry. However, in Nigeria, just like elsewhere, the prices for these tests are not uniform.

They can vary considerably based on a multitude of factors. If you’re considering undergoing DNA testing, it’s essential to understand the dynamics that dictate these costs.

Type of Test

Different DNA tests serve varying purposes, and as a result, their cost structures also differ.

  • Paternity Tests

Often sought for both personal and legal reasons, paternity tests can be on the higher side because of their legal implications.

  • Ancestry Tests

These can vary significantly in price depending on the depth of information provided. Basic ancestry information might be more affordable, whereas detailed reports tracing back multiple generations could cost more.

  • Health Checks

DNA tests that screen for genetic predispositions or risks tend to be pricier because of the sophisticated technology and analysis required.

Laboratory Standards

The credibility of the lab plays a vital role in determining the price.

    • Accredited Labs: Labs that are internationally accredited usually maintain rigorous standards and employ advanced technologies. Their prices might be higher due to the quality assurance they offer.
    • Non-accredited Labs: While they might offer competitive prices, there’s a risk associated with the accuracy and reliability of results.

Turnaround Time

Speed is of the essence for many individuals, especially in cases of legal disputes or urgent health concerns.

    • Express Results: Some labs offer expedited services where results are delivered in a few days. Such swift services often come with a premium fee.
    • Standard Delivery: The average wait time might range from a week to several weeks, depending on the test type and lab efficiency. This usually costs less than expedited services.

Additional Services

Sometimes, the DNA test cost isn’t just for the test itself but also for the array of supplementary services that accompany it.

    • Counseling
    • Additional Screenings
    • Customized Reports

Average Costs of DNA Tests in Nigeria

As the DNA testing market expands in Nigeria, potential users often find themselves questioning the average costs.

While prices fluctuate based on several factors, a broad understanding of the average costs for the most commonly requested DNA tests can provide a guiding benchmark.

Commonly Requested DNA Tests and Price Range

  • Paternity Tests

Due to the high demand, especially in cases related to legal or family disputes, these tests typically fall within the range of NGN 80,000 to NGN 150,000.

  • Ancestry Tests

Those seeking to uncover their roots and familial connections can expect prices to hover between NGN 70,000 to NGN 130,000, depending on the depth of information required.

  • Health Checks

Screening for genetic risks or predispositions usually come at a premium, with costs varying from NGN 100,000 to NGN 200,000 or even more, contingent on the range of health markers analyzed.

Discounts and Packages

    • Bulk Testing Discounts
    • Promotional Offers
    • Comprehensive Packages

Why the Variation in Price?

The price spectrum for DNA tests in Nigeria, as in many parts of the world, is influenced by various elements, some more obvious than others.

  1. Cost of Technology and Equipment Used
    • Modern and sophisticated equipment, which guarantees more accurate results, can be expensive to purchase and maintain. Labs that invest in such equipment often reflect these costs in their pricing.
  2. Expertise and Qualifications of the Personnel
    • DNA analysis requires a particular skill set. Labs that employ highly qualified geneticists, lab technicians, and counselors often have higher operational costs, which could be reflected in the test prices. The expertise ensures accuracy, reliability, and comprehensive interpretation of results.
  3. Location of the Testing Center
    • Testing facilities in metropolitan areas or state capitals, where operational costs are generally higher, might price their services higher. The increased demand in these areas due to higher population density can also drive up prices.
    • While operational costs might be lower in rural regions, the lack of sophisticated equipment or highly trained personnel might affect the quality of results. Alternatively, if a rural center is equipped comparably to urban labs, transportation and maintenance costs could level the pricing field.

Government and Legal Regulations on DNA Testing

In many countries, including Nigeria, DNA testing, especially when it concerns legal matters, is governed by a series of regulations to ensure authenticity, accuracy, and ethical considerations.

These regulations are meant to protect individuals and maintain the credibility of the DNA testing process.

  1. Subsidies or Support
    • Government Funding: At times, to promote scientific research or ensure public health, the government might allocate funds or grants to subsidize DNA testing, especially in cases where it’s of public interest or concerns public health.
    • Public Health Campaigns: In scenarios where there’s a need for mass DNA screenings (for instance, in the case of a health crisis), the government may offer tests at reduced prices or even for free to facilitate widespread participation.
  2. Legal Requirements and Cost Implications:
    • Chain of Custody: For DNA results to be admissible in court, especially in paternity disputes, a strict chain of custody procedure must be followed. This ensures that samples aren’t tampered with at any stage. Establishing and maintaining this chain can add to the costs.
    • Accreditation: Legal cases might require testing labs to have specific certifications or accreditations. Labs aiming to meet these standards might need to invest more in equipment, training, and infrastructure, indirectly affecting the pricing.
    • Documentation and Reporting: Comprehensive documentation, including how the sample was collected, how it was analyzed, and the results, is crucial for legal purposes. The process of generating and verifying these documents can influence the overall cost of the test.

Importance of Quality Over Price

When it comes to DNA testing, the saying “you get what you pay for” often rings true. The implications of DNA results are far-reaching, affecting familial relationships, health decisions, and legal outcomes.

Consequences of Inaccurate Results

    • Emotional Distress
    • Health Risks
    • Legal Repercussions

The Merit of Accredited and Reputable Services

    • Reliability
    • Ethical Standards
    • Counseling and Support

How to Choose the Right DNA Testing Center in Nigeria

Navigating the world of DNA testing in Nigeria can feel overwhelming given the influx of centers and services available.

Making an informed choice is crucial, not just for accurate results, but also for ensuring a smooth experience.

Checklist for Consideration

  1. Accreditation
  2. Reviews and Testimonials
  3. Turnaround Time
  4. Additional Services
  5. Pricing
  6. Confidentiality
  7. Sample Collection Method

Recommendations or Referrals before testing

  1. Personal Referrals
    • Friends or family who have undergone DNA testing can provide firsthand insights into their experiences. Their recommendations can offer a level of trustworthiness that online reviews might not.
  2. Medical Practitioners
    • Healthcare professionals, especially in related fields like genetics or family medicine, often have a good understanding of reputable DNA testing centers.
  3. Legal Professionals
    • If the DNA test is for legal purposes, lawyers or law enforcement personnel can often recommend accredited and recognized centers suitable for producing court-admissible results.

My final thought on How much is DNA test in Nigeria

In the evolving landscape of DNA testing in Nigeria, understanding the intricacies is paramount. From discerning the various factors that influence the costs, such as the type of test, lab standards, and turnaround time, to recognizing the importance of quality and accreditation, the journey requires careful consideration.

While DNA tests offer invaluable insights into our lineage, health, and more, it’s vital to ensure that the results are accurate and trustworthy.

One cannot stress enough the need to strike a balance between cost and quality. While budget constraints are real, the consequences of inaccurate results can be long-lasting and detrimental.

FAQs about the How much is DNA test in Nigeria

Below, you will find the answers to the most asked questions about the price of runing DNA test in Nigeria;

How long does a DNA test result take in Nigeria?

The duration varies based on the type of test and the specific laboratory. On average, results can be expected anywhere from a few days to several weeks.

However, for more complex tests or in labs with high demand, the wait time may be longer. It’s always best to consult directly with the chosen center for a precise timeframe.

Are there any home DNA test kits available in Nigeria?

Yes, with the rise in popularity of DNA testing globally, several companies now offer home DNA test kits in Nigeria.

These kits typically involve collecting a sample, often a cheek swab, and sending it back to the company’s lab for analysis. However, it’s crucial to choose reputable brands to ensure accuracy and data privacy.

Can DNA test results be used in court in Nigeria?

Absolutely. DNA test results can be used as evidence in court in Nigeria, especially in cases related to paternity or criminal investigations.

However, for the results to be admissible, the testing process must follow strict legal protocols, ensuring the samples weren’t tampered with, and the test was conducted in an accredited lab. Legal professionals usually guide this process to ensure the results meet the necessary legal standards.


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